Table of Contents



For questions that are not in this list, please search in issues. in new window

Where is the log file?

Log file path: ~/logs/arthas/arthas.log

telnet: connect to address Connection refused

  1. Check the log ~/logs/arthas/arthas.log
  2. Check the startup parameters of, whether a specific port is specified
  3. Use netstat to check the process of LISTEN 3658 port, confirm it is a java process, and it is the process you want to diagnose
  4. If the process of LISTEN 3658 port is not a java process, then the 3658 port is already occupied. You need to specify other ports in the startup parameters of
  5. After confirming the process and port, try to connect with telnet 3658

Essentially, arthas will start a tcp server within the application java process, and then use telnet to connect to it.

  1. The port may not match
  2. The process itself may have been suspended and cannot accept new connections

If there is Arthas server already bind. in the Arthas log

  1. It means that the Arthas server has been started before, check the file descriptors opened by the target process. If it is a linux environment, you can go to /proc/$pid/fd, use ls -alh | grep arthas to check whether the process has loaded the arthas related jar package.
  2. If not, it may be that other processes have started arthas, or the application has been restarted.

How much impact does Arthas attach have on the performance of the original process? in new window

target process not responding or HotSpot VM not loaded Unable to open socket file: target process not responding or HotSpot VM not loaded

  1. Check whether the current user and the target java process are consistent. If they are inconsistent, switch to the same user. JVM can only attach java processes under the same user.
  2. Try to use jstack -l $pid. If the process does not respond, it means that the process may freeze and fail to respond to the JVM attach signal. So Arthas based on the attach mechanism cannot work. Try to use jmap heapdump to analyze.
  3. Try to attach math-game in quick-start.
  4. For more information: in new window

Can commands such as trace/watch enhance the classes in jdk?

By default, classes beginning with java. or the classes loaded by the Bootstrap ClassLoader are filtered out, but they can be turned on:

options unsafe true

See more at options


To support the jars appended by java.lang.instrument.Instrumentation#appendToBootstrapClassLoaderSearch need to enable unsafe.

How to view the result in json format

options json-format true

See more at options

Can arthas trace native methods


Can arthas view the value of a variable in memory?

  1. You can use vmtool command.
  2. You can use some tricks to intercept the object with the tt command, or fetch it from a static method.

How to filter method with the same name?

You can used all variables in fundamental fields in expressions for the condition express to filter method with the same name, you can use the number of parameters params.length ==1,parameter type params[0] instanceof java.lang.Integer,return value type returnObj instanceof java.util.List and so on in one or more combinations as condition express.

You can use -v to view the condition express result in new window

example math-game

watch demo.MathGame primeFactors '{params,returnObj,throwExp}' 'params.length >0 && returnObj instanceof java.util.List' -v

How to watch or trace constructor?

watch demo.MathGame <init> '{params,returnObj,throwExp}' -v

How to watch or trace inner classes?

In the JVM specification the name of inner classes is OuterClass$InnerClass.

watch OuterClass$InnerClass

Does it support watch and trace lambda classes?

For classes generated by lambda, will be skipped because the JVM itself does not allow enhancements to classes generated by lambda.

Enter Unicode characters

Convert Unicode characters to \u representation:

ognl '@java.lang.System@out.println("Hello \u4e2d\u6587")'

java.lang.ClassFormatError: null, skywalking arthas compatible use

When error log appear java.lang.ClassFormatError: null, it is usually modified by other bytecode tools that are not compatible with arthas modified bytecode.

For example: use skywalking V8.1.0 below cannot trace, watch classes enhanced by skywalking agentopen in new window, V8.1.0 or above is compatible, refer to skywalking configuration for more details. skywalking compatible with other javaagent bytecode processingopen in new window.

class redefinition failed: attempted to change the schema (add/remove fields)

Reference: in new window

Can I use arthas offline?

Yes. Just download the full size package and unzip it, refer to: Download.

How to use the specified version of Arthas without using the automatic upgrade version?

  1. When starting, you can specify it with the --use-version parameter.
  2. Download the full package, unzip it, and cd to the arthas directory to start. In this case, the version in the current directory will be used.

Attach the process with pid 1 in docker/k8s failed

Reference: in new window

Why is the new version of Arthas downloaded, but the old version is connected?

For example, the started version of is 3.5., but after connecting, the printed arthas version is 3.4..

It may be that the target process has been diagnosed with the old version of arthas before. You can execute stop to stop the old version of arthas, and then reuse the new version to attach.

The spring bean cglib object is obtained in the ognl expression, but the field is null